Upper-Mustang- Trekking

Upper-Mustang Region Trekking

The mustang ( Pronounced Moo-stang ) Region was only opened to trekker in 1992 and the number of trekking permits issued each year is still restricted. Remote, cold and covered is snow through the winter, the trek is also effectively closed to trekkers from the end of October until late march. It is not a particularly high trek, but even in summer the cold, dust and unrelenting afternoon whinds can make the trek harsher than other trek in Nepal. The fine dust invades everything, especially cameras. The region is sparsely populated and the village are scattered unevenly along the route, making some trekking days very long while other seem to short. unlike many other treks, there is little opportunity to vary the intinerary.

Goraphy : The small and isolted kingdom of Mustang occupies just over 3,000 square-kilometres with an average altitude of 4000 metres, just below the Photu La pass ( 4,600 metres). Which is itself only 75 metres above the Tsangpo plain of Tibet. in all respects, gographically , climatically and culturally, it belongs to Tibet. Today it is a Nepalese district with a certain degree of autonomy. The Thank/Khola Gandaki orginates here and flows out of mutang valley is a series of deep gorges. It has been vividly described by the french anthropologist Michel peissed in his book Mustang : The Lost kingdom.

History: Aslo know as the Kingdom, of Lo, Mustang is said to have existed indpendent state as early as the fifth century AD, but was absorbed into Tibet under Songtsenampo in the seventhe century. Later it achieved a degree of independence, becoming an important centre of the Lamastic sakyaapa sect. After the disintegration of Gumthang in the early 15th centruy, Gayalp ame pal ( 1380 -1450) founded a dynasty that has survived untill the present day. The present king, jigme Palbar Bista, the 25th after Gayalpo Ame Pal, was bron in 1930 The population 6,000.
The Mongols overan it in the 17th century and in 1760 the Raja of jumla conqured it . it passed to the Gurkhas 30 years later who also appreciated it strategic and commerical significance on the salt straight from the middle hills to Tibet. The Thakalis gradully wrested control of the salt -grain trade from Mustang and when indian salt replaced Tibetan salt in Nepalese markets, its fortunes declined further. The drying up of most of the trade saw Munstang retreat into its own remote shell. Now, the principal econimic activity is subsistence barley farming in small irrigated tracts near the rivers. This is complemented by yak, horse,muel and goat bredding and rearing, the yaks being used in the fields. There is a significant nomadic pastoralist element in the lifestyle which has been dictated by the climate and the arid environment.

People : The inhabitant of Mustang are Bhotias and pure Tibetans, and both follow Lamaistic Buddhism. in the south of what is now Mustang district are the Thakalis who are related to the middl hill group of Gurungs, Magars and Tamangs and who provide a bridge between the two largely geographically determined cultures.

Day 1 Pokhara to fly jomsom and same day trek to Kabeni 

Day2 Kagbeni to Chukasng 

Day 3 Chhuksang to samar

Day4 samar to Ghiling

Day 5 Ghiling to Ghami

Day 6 Ghami to Charang

Day 7 Charang to Lomanthang 

Day 8 Rest day in Lomanthang 

Day 9 Lomanthang to Ghami 

Day 10 Ghami to Ghiling 

Day 11 Ghiling to Kagbeni

Day 13 Kagbeni to jomsom

Day 14 jomson to fly pokhara

Day 1 Pokhara to fly jomsom and same day trek to Kabeni :Walk due north from jomsom. The route crosses a shor hanging bridge just our of jomsom , then follows the kali Gandaki River. The route is barren, which rocks and sand, though the surrounding peaks- Dhaulariri ( 8167 metres) and Tukuche ( 6920 metres) in the westren Nilgiri and the whole Annapurna massif to the south and southwest surround it .
Day2 Kagbeni to Chukasng :kagbeni is a pretty village with about 90 familes,and electricty supplied by erractically functioning wind energy. Most are traders who have been a link in the supply of food and essentials between Mustang and the land of Lo and the rest of Nepal . There are a few lodges at the centre of the Village. The Nilgiri view is the frist you will encounter as you arrive in kagbeni from the south. Permit formalities, which can take up to one hour or more, will be dealt with by your trekking group's environmental officer at the police Check point , where the trail leads north out of kabeni. From the village , follow the widening trail due north, crossing endless stretches of sand, pebbles and boulders. Mule trains on long distance routes pass frequently . Much of the first half of the day is uphill, sometimes quite steep and depending on he season, you can either walk along the dry river valley occasinally traversing tributaries of the Kali Gandaki, or there is path alongside the flowing river. From the lunch stop at Tangbe village, the path flattens out for the two hour walk to Chhuksang, a large settlement populated by mixture of Gurung , Thakalis and some familes from the land of Lo. There is a small stone and mud Buddhist Gompa.
Day 3 Chhuksang to samar :This long and secluted valley offers a sharp change, both in topograpy and in culture, lifesyle and ladscape. Settlements are more scattere, smaller and more basic. The valley is very dry and much of the soil poor, so agriculture is restricted to isoloated patches creating a brown and intermittenly green landscape. A little a head of chhukasng the trek crosses a small bridge spaning the Mustang khola River. Look out for attractive caves hollowed in the magnificent red cliffs along the river. The trail veers northwest climbing steeply . just north of chele is a spectacular view of the earth -walled village of Ghyakar over a wide canyon and is followed a little further on by another deep and sheer canyon. The day is a hard five hours' walk to the Campsite the village of Samar.
Day4 samar to Ghiling :The trail is uphill for an hour then undulates, passing through some relatively fertile valley and climing over ridges before descending to the village of shyangmochen where Nepali refreshments are available. The environment is largely arid with occasional oasis - like villages typical of Mustang. From here, a climb over a further ridge leads to a temporary separating of the trail: the left fork is the more direct route to the north via the tiny village of Tama Gaon towards the Nyi La pass , while the right fork leads to the overnight stopping point of Ghiling. Ghiling is one hour descent from this junction, nestled in a valley between two hills.

Day 5 Ghiling to Ghami :Ghiling may be visited during a morning break. The trail is a steep climb up to a ridge ( the Nyi la pass ) at almost 4,000 metres, about two hours' walk . After this pass you enter Mustang( 0r lo) porper. An easy 30 minutes' decent from here and you reach another junction from where a short walk to the west bring you to Ghami, the night stop. Ghami is a small village sheltered by overhanging mountian cliffs and beside a clear stream. The trail passes many small Buddhist monuments ( chortens).
Day 6 Ghami to Charang :This day's trek passes through perhaps the driest region of Mustang . After the bridge crossing the Tangmar Chu River, the trail crosses soft dry soil which is particularly trying when going uphill. The difficulty is compensated by magnificent views, with gentle slopes to the north contrasting with rugged mountians to the east and west. The climb from the Tangmar chu River passes one of Nepal's longest maani walls, built of stone and inscribed with the Buddhist om maani padme hum mantra. The Total walk to charang is at least five hour. It is a large spread - our village, inhabited totally by the people of Lo. charang is perched on a cliff overlooking a canyon . it has some gompas, a camping ground and small lodge, while a hydro - electric plant provides the village with electricity.
Day 7 Charang to Lomanthang :There is an opportunity to explore charang village and its large old monastery. it is also possible to see the nearby secluded village of Dhakmar. Although today is only a four hour walk, it is mainly uphill. As the trail widens, it passes through a barren wilderness of pale pastel rock and earth where even occasional shrubs dotted along valleys and on slopes carved like organ-pipes struggle to survive. The first sight of Lomanthang, the capital of Mustang, is from a ridge about 30 mintures' walk from the walled town, with the plain of prayerful aspiration' in the foreground. Lomanthang consists of about 100 houses.
Day 8 Rest day in Lomanthang :To enter Lomanthang, walk in anti - clockwise direction until you reach the main entrance on your left. The town is arranges around the palace, built of stone like other houses, next to the main street just east of the centre and monastery and regligious building which occupy much of the northern and western quarters, while Lomanthang's residentail area of some 160 household is concentrated to the south. A school and police office is located outside the wall opposite the entrance and there is small and very basic clinic north of the wall. It is an interesting place to spend a rest day, but basic accommodation is also available in a part -time guest house above the past office, not far from the palace.
The fours storeyed palace dominates the central area of the town and is home to Lo's Raja and Rani . There are also four gompas, but access to these is highly discretionary . Historically, Lomanthang prospered as a staging post in the trade of wool and salt along the Kali Gandaki to Tibet, but today many of its people ( called Lo- pas) migrate seasonally as far south as india for work . one or two excursion from Lomanthang are possible, but travelling north is especially subject to restrictions which are enforced by the police.
Excursions from Lomanthang There is a possible short excursion from Lomanthang which can be taken over two days. The first day goes to Nhejung, while the second day returns to Lomanthang via Nyamdo and Thinkar.
Lanthang to Ghami The route described above follows the eastern trail between Ghami and Lomanthang, but another possible route exists heading in a southwest direction from Lomanthang. After two ridges you come to the Ghar Gompa and the nearby Logekar village beside the Charang Khola River. Further south and situated in a small but relatively fertile valley is the attractive village of Dhankmar from where it is a short walk to Ghami
Day 9 Lomanthang to Ghami :A brisk downhill or flat wlak by the same route take about seven hours. ( see also option below)
Day 10 Ghami to Ghiling :A further gentle descent crossing the Nyi La pass , then along mostly flat trails for five hours.
Day 11 Ghiling to Kagbeni :A long day's walk of about eight hours, stopping at Chhuksang for lunch before continuing south along the Kali Gandaki to reach kagbeni by nightfall.
Day 13 Kagbeni to jomsom The descent to jomsom ( on the valley floor, about 5,000 metres below). is rapid through dramitic arid lands. Following the previous few days, jomsom can seem almost bustling . It is a major village on the Kali Gandaki trading route.
Day 14 jomson to fly pokhara

The cost includes the following services:

Airport pick-up and drop services
Trekking permit
Entry Permit for Annapurna Conservation Area
Trekking guide
A cook
Necessary Porters
Necessary kitchen helpers
Necessary sherpas
All surface transportation to the starting point and from the ending point of the trek
All meals three times a day (breakfast, lunch, dinner, juice, tea, coffee, hot chocolate, fruits etc.)
Necessary Camping equipment such as tents, kitchen tent, dining tent, toilet tent, mattresses, down sleeping bag, down jacket, cooking utensils, fuel etc.
Camping charges
Insurance and equipments for trekking staff
First aid kit
Rescue assistance
Four nights hotel accommodation in Kathmandu hotel and two nights in Pokhara at lake side on breakfast basis
One day sightseeing in and around Kathmandu valley with tour guide and private vehicle
Entry fees while sightseeing in and around Kathmandu valley
The cost does not include the following services:

Nature of personal expenses

Drinks, beverages, hot shower, etc.
Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu
Note: We can arrange hotel accommodation in Kathmandu as per clients' interest and budget

» Backpack / Duffel Bag
» Day Pack
» Trekking Boots/ shoes
» Socks x 4
» Sleeping Bag (4 season this can be rented in Kathmandu)
» Shorts x 2
» Fleece Pant / Jacket
» Flashlight
» Shirt/T-shirt x 2
» Thermal Underwear Top 2 / Bottoms 2
» Book
» Trekking polls (optional)
» Sun Hat / Visor Gloves
» Sun Screen
» Sunglasses (UV protected- imperative to have quality eye wear)
» Waterproof Jacket
» Waterproof Pants
» Watch
» Warm Hat with ear protection
» Permit / Money
» Camera / Film
» Down Jacket (this can be rented in Kathmandu)
» Small First Aid Ki

Trip Highlights
  • Duration: 12 Days
  • Type of Trek: Teahouse / Camping
  • Max Altitude: 3820 m.
  • Minimum Pax: 1 +
  • Mode of travel: Flight 
  • Grade: Moderate
Mustang Region Trekking

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Trekking Information